|Phoma blight (P. exigua var. exigua) on a bean leaf|
|Species:||Phoma exigua var. exigua|
|Ascochyta hydrangeae (Ellis & Everh.) Aksel, (1956)
Ascochyta nicotianae Pass.,
The spots on cucurbit leaves produced by the Phoma blight are usually more irregular in shape and most often are on the margin of the leaves. The spots are light brown on cantaloupe and cucumber and dark brown on watermelon. Fewer lesions are produced on stems but symptoms also tend to spread from the crown of the plant, giving the plant a blighted appearance. Fruit are generally not affected.
Spotted fruit, even though unsightly, is fit for food provided the diseased parts are cut away.
A fungicide such as benomyl (Benlate), chlorothalonil (Bravo), copper, maneb (Manzate D or Dithane M-22 Special), mancozeb (Dithane M-45 or Manzate 200) or Dikar (Polyram) may be used to control the disease in the field. It is important to start the spray schedule as soon as the plants emerge and spray at 7-10 day intervals, covering all plant surfaces. High pressure (400 psi), high volume (100 gal/acre for a mature crop) spray equipment provides most effective coverage.
Crop rotations with nonhost plants such as small grain, corn, of two or more years are effective in reducing the incidence if disease-free seed are used. Currently no varieties are resistant.
Conditions which may be mistaken for phoma blight include:
- Averre, C.W. (1999). Gummy Stem Blight and Phoma Blight on Cucurbits. North Carolina State University - College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. Vegetable Disease Information Note 8 (VDIN-008). Retrieved: 2010-08-03.
- Phoma blight. Natrual Resources Canada. Retrieved: 2010-08-04
|Chilli · Sweet pepper|
|Adverse conditions||Calcium deficiency · Sun scald|
|Diseases||Alfalfa mosaic virus · Anthracnose fruit rot of pepper · Bacterial spot of tomato and pepper · Cucumber mosaic virus · Frogeye leaf spot · Grey mould · Pepper mild mottle virus · Phoma blight · Phytophthora blight · Sclerotinia rot · Southern blight · Tobacco etch virus · Tomato spotted wilt virus|
|Pests||Aphid · Leaf miner · Pepper weevil · Red spider mite · Root-knot nematode · Thrips (Chilli thrips, Western flower thrips)|