Chilli

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Chilli
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A large red cayenne chilli
Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(Unranked): Angiosperms
(Unranked): Eudicots
(Unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Capsicum
Cultivar Group: Longum group
Synonyms

Chile
Chili
Chillie
Chilli
Chilli pepper

Plant Data
Min germination temp: 18°C (64°F)
Max germination temp: 32°C (90°F)
Germination time: 9 days
Time to transplanting: +30 days
Time to harvesting: +78 days
Mature height: 46cm (18in)
Mature spread: 30cm (12in)
Soil type: Loam
Ideal pH range: 7.0 - 8.5
Sow depth: ½cm (¼in)
Sow spacing: 5cm (2in)
Sow row spacing: 35cm (14in)
Growing plant spacing: 40cm (16in)
References: [1]
Hardiness Zones
Ideal Hardiness Zones
· · · · 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Chilli is the fruit[2] of plants from the genus Capsicum, members of the nightshade family, Solanaceae.

Chili peppers originated in the Americas. After the Columbian Exchange, many cultivars of chili pepper spread across the world, used in both food and medicine.

Planner[edit | edit source]

UK Planner
J F M A M J J A S O N D
Sow (indoors for greenhouse crop)
Transplant (greenhouse)
Sow (indoors for outdoor crop)
Transplant (outdoors, under glass)
Harvest

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Growing[edit | edit source]

Location[edit | edit source]

Outdoors[edit | edit source]

Choose a sunny, sheltered site with well-drained, fertile soil.

Soil[edit | edit source]

Outdoors[edit | edit source]

Add a general-purpose fertiliser before planting.

Greenhouse[edit | edit source]

Grow in 23cm (9in) pots filled with compost or in grow bags with a maximum of 3 per bag.

Sowing[edit | edit source]

Raise seedlings under glass at 15-21°C (60-70°F). Sow two seeds in a compost-filled peat pot - remove the weaker seedling once they have both emerged.[3] Plants may need to be re-potted in several stages before transplanting.

Outdoors[edit | edit source]

Harden plants off outdoors before transplanting.

Transplanting[edit | edit source]

Outdoors[edit | edit source]

Cover soil with a cloche two weeks before planting to warm the soil.

Upturn pots and retain the root ball. Transplant into pre-made holes the size of the pots and cover and firm the roots with soil. Leave 48cm (18in) between plants. Cover with cloches.

Aftercare[edit | edit source]

Mist plants to keep down red spider mite and encourage fruit to set.

Support once the stems grow tall enough.

Do not pinch out the growing tip as with cordon tomatoes.

Harvesting[edit | edit source]

Pick as required. Chillies will usually change colour as they ripen. The longer they are left on the plant, the hotter they tend to become.

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Troubles[edit | edit source]

Full troubles list: Pepper troubles

References[edit | edit source]

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This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
  1. Chili Pepper. myfolia.com. Retrieved: 2010-09-01.
  2. Rhodes, D. (2009). HORT410 - Vegetable Crops Peppers - Notes. Purdue University - Horticulture & Landscape Architecture. Retrieved: 2010-09-01.
  3. Hessayon, D.G. (2009). The Vegetable & Herb Expert. Transworld Publishers, London. p. 39. ISBN 9780903505468