|A dwarf green curled variety of kale|
|Cultivar Group:||Acephala Group|
|Min germination temp:||13°C (55°F)|
|Max germination temp:||24°C (75°F)|
|Germination time:||7 days|
|Time to transplanting:||+25 days|
|Time to harvesting:||+87 days|
|Mature height:||60cm (2ft)|
|Mature spread:||30cm (1ft)|
|Ideal pH range:||6.0 - 7.5|
|Sow depth:||1cm (½in)|
|Sow spacing:||7cm (3in)|
|Sow row spacing:||15cm (6in)|
|Growing plant spacing:||45cm (18in)|
|Growing row spacing:||45cm (18in)|
Kale or borecole is a form of green or purple cabbage (Brassica oleracea Acephala Group), in which the central leaves do not form a head. It is considered to be closer to wild cabbage than most domesticated forms. The species Brassica oleracea contains a wide array of vegetables including broccoli, cauliflower, collard greens, and brussels sprouts. The cultivar group Acephala also includes spring greens and collard greens, which are extremely similar genetically.
Choose a reasonably sunny spot where the plants are to grow to maturity. As kale is not usually planted until June/July the site is often one recently vacated by peas, early potatoes or other early summer crop.
Do not dig the site over, just tend to the ground; remove any weeds, rake in fertiliser, add lime if the soil is acidic and then firm over. Just ensure the soil is not loose or spongy at planting time.
Sow seeds thinly in drills 1cm (½in) deep and 15cm (6in) apart. Cover with soil and firm.
Seedlings are ready to transplant once they are 10-15cm (4-6in) tall. Water the rows the day before transplanting. Set seedlings 45cm (18in) apart in the rows with their lowest leaves just above the soil surface. Firm into place and water.
Rape kale varieties are sown where they will grow to maturity. Make the drills 45cm (18in) apart and thin in stages to 45cm (18in) between plants.
Hoe the site regularly to suppress weeds. Tread the stems in firmly to prevent them from rocking in the wind. Water young plants in dry weather.
Plants may look 'unhappy' during winter, this is normal, in early spring there will be a crop of fresh side shoots.
Feed with liquid fertiliser in March to encourage their development.
Begin harvesting from the crown of the plant from November onwards, removing a few young leaves each time you pick. Use a sharp knife or a downward tug. Do not use yellowing or mature leaves in the kitchen.
Stripping the crown will stimulate the development of new side shoots. These can be gathered between February and May from all varieties.
- Full troubles list: Brassica troubles
|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|
|Curly leaved||Dwarf green curled|
|Leaf and spear|